Performance/Cost Comparison of the Induction Motor and Permanent Magnet Motor in a Hybrid Electric Car

by Malcolm Burwell, International Copper Association; James Goss & Mircea Popescu, Motor Design, Ltd.

Traction Motor for Hybrid Electric U.S. Army Truck , International Copper Association

The Case for Induction Motors with Die-cast Copper Rotors for High-Efficiency Traction Motors

J. Kirtley, et al, 2008

Selection of Rotor Material for Industrial Induction Motors: The Case for Copper

Copper Alliance Whitepaper

Selection of Copper vs. Aluminum Rotors for Induction Motors

IEEE, Paper No. PCIC-2000-19

Optimization of Motor Design

Copper Development Association

Mechanical properties of die-cast, sand-cast and wrought copper

Source: internal measurements, International Copper Association

Manufacturing and Cost Analysis for Aluminum and Copper Die Cast Induction Motors for GM’s Powertrain and R&D Divisions

G.C. Mechler, University of Arizona, 2009

Electric Motor Drive Selection Issues for HEV Propulsion Systems: A Comparative Study

IEEE, M. Zeraoulia, 2006

Drive Cycle Effects on IM + IPM Traction Motor Systems – Motor Design Ltd

James Goss, Mircea Popescu, Dave Staton – Motor Design Ltd